Slovakia: Incentives for males to take time off work for household lifetime

Young men in Slovakia become progressively breaking with heritage to take time to take care of their children. You will find a little but regular rise in the amounts of boys taking advantage of two types of adult entitlement: parental allowance and maternity benefit (ready to accept fathers under particular conditions).


In Slovakia, mom and ladies bring typically been in charge of childcare, and men’s involvement in domestic tasks and families every day life is a very previous developing. This proce is actually sustained by total cultural and importance alterations in Slovakian people, but additionally of the greater participation of women in work market and by the implementation of plans for your financial support of groups. These generally include legislative measures to increase their own pros and so and also to improve the few guys involved with childcare – that are sparking a positive impulse among guys.

This post discusses the increase in interest in two allowances:

  • the non-contributory parental allowance;
  • the contributory pregnancy advantages.

Parental allowance

This state non-contributory lump-sum benefit ended up being earned by Act No. 571/2009 Coll. on parental allowance. It really is an allowance from the universal program financed of the condition spending plan (taxes). A functional person (man or woman) may take adult leave acquire the allowance instead of wages. At the same time, the company was required maintain work place available for that employee.

Parental leave, provided for according to the labor signal, is provided to a mother on a full time grounds might also be used in obstructs of at least a month (until the little one hits eight years of age). Individuals on adult allow has their efforts for personal insurance rates and old-age pension settled of the condition. The time of adult allow and also the pay it off is discussed because of the parents.

The benefit is actually conditional on the moms and dad becoming responsible for the appropriate childcare with a minimum of one young child doing three-years of age (or around six, when it comes to a child with long-lasting poor health). The number of the allowance might increasing progressively; from €136 per month in 2008 to €203.20 in 2014, the recent quantity.

Data from main company of work, Social matters and family members show that men’s fascination with adult leave and their consumption associated with the parental allowance is growing.

Although the quantity of p arental allowance as a proportion of wages has not improved, how many guys getting it offers. In 2009, the allowance ended up being was given by 3,971 guys, plus 2016 it absolutely was gotten by 5,894 males, an increase by 48per cent. Although, from a total point of view, the percentage of males on parental allow remains little, the trend goes without saying: a reliable increase in the percentage of men on adult allow – from 2.23 % in 2009 to 3.14per cent in 2016 (dining table 1). percent allowance from wage

Resource: middle Office of work, personal Affairs and Family, Statistical workplace of Slovak Republic

Maternity advantages

Pregnancy benefit is actually a contributory advantage under work No. 461/2003 Coll. on personal insurance coverage. In Slovakia, maternity allow for pregnancy and childcare possess lasted more than six months for all many years.

a mama, who’s led for at least 270 times into the health insurance system within the couple of years preceding the beginning, are qualified for get maternity advantage. Regarding self-employed and voluntary insured folk, the cost of insurance coverage efforts can be necessary.

Because of the utilization of a brand new law in 2003, dads may now handle their particular child and see maternity profit whenever the mother’s profit expires. Hence, the overall full time care of a small youngster by the mothers lasts for longer than yearly (56 months in practice). However, these types of an option will not be availed of quite. Instead, one of the two parents, after having received all of the pregnancy profit, next generally will continue to manage the child and state adult allowance.

However, from 2011, the circumstances for getting maternity advantage are altering making use of the intention of giving better economic help to younger mothers. The duration of entitlement to pregnancy advantage has increased – from 28 to 34 days when one youngster is born to a family group with two parents, and 37 days if there is one mothe.

The amount of the power has additionally improved. Its determined based on the mother’s past gro wage. It absolutely was ready at no more than 1.5 times the typical national gro salary but, from January, the maximum is twice as much typical nationwide gro wage.

The original rate is 55 % regarding the aement base, increasing to:

  • 60percent from 1 January 2011;
  • 65per cent from 1 January 2012;
  • 70per cent from 1 January 2016;
  • 75percent from 1 July 2017.

Under these favourable circumstances, it really is getting to be beneficial for some individuals to give up the man’s earnings when it comes down to stage when the guy could obtain pregnancy profit.

What the law states states that dad of a young child, in arrangement making use of the child’s mommy, is actually qualified for get parental leave no prior to when six weeks following day’s delivery (and provided the caretaker does not receive maternity advantage or parental allowance in addition), also to get pregnancy profit up until the kid achieves the age of three. Parents may consecutively (although not at the same time) receive pregnancy perks – the daddy for six-weeks le versus mommy. The requirement for this is the fact that moms and dads are making social insurance rates benefits for at least 270 days throughout the previous two years.

Source: personal insurance company; Act No. 461/2003 Coll. on personal insurance


The data reveal that the sheer number of people with got pregnancy perks has increased somewhat, particularly since 2014, when there are 717 claimants, to 1,731 situation in 2015 and 3,079 situations in 2016 (Table 2). It could be aumed that interest will continue to build. However, it must be mentioned that the mass media marketing in 2014 as well as in 2016, which supported the political strategies to improve the number of the allowance, comprise in addition responsible for men’s increasing interest in taking good care of their particular small children. In accordance with available studies, maternity perks might come to be attractive to get more guys and.